Smart-Technology Based Model of Managing the Development of the Regions: Smart Specialisation
Zoya V. Vasilieva
Институт управления бизнес-процессами и экономики
Journal Name:Журнал СФУ
Bibliographic Citation:Филимоненко, Ирина. Smart-Technology Based Model of Managing the Development of the Regions: Smart Specialisation [Текст] / Ирина Филимоненко, Zoya V. Vasilieva // Журнал СФУ: Гуманитарные науки. — 2017. — Т. 10 (№ 12). — С. 1856-1868
This research is focused on the justification of the necessity to change conceptual approaches to the management of the resource regions’ economy development in the conditions of global challenges and changes in the models of spatial development. New world development trends decrease the efficiency of using traditional methods and mechanisms of the resource region’s anagement, which are based on the preservation of the role of the leading raw resources sector; prevailing influence of large industrial and resource holdings; limited powers of regional authorities in managing the resource potential of the region. Basing on the relation of technological and market parameters, the article studies the opportunities for applying models of multi-sectoral development to meet global challenges by forming a new rapidly developing sector in the economy of resource regions. Taking into account the peculiarities of the resource regions’ development, the role of rapidly developing sectors in technological and innovative development of the region is revealed. To form new rapidly developing sectors in the economy of the regions, the authors justify application of the approach to region development management on the basis of “smart specialisation” concept through introduction of Smart technologies into the processes of production and administration both in traditional specialisation sectors and new spheres of activities. Using the “smart specialisation” concept for managing the resource region allowed to determine scenarios for the economy development differentiated by technological leadership scale – “niche leadership”, “local technological competitiveness”, “international technological competitiveness”. Applying the strategic positioning method in the axis of the matrix space “economic sector – source of new knowledge and technologies/professional competences” allowed to form strategies and scenarios of technological development of the resource region. Parameters of strategic positioning included “technology (own, mother, borrowed)”; “professional competence (basic of the existing specialisation; innovative)”; “basic sectors of regional specialisation”; “new rapidly developing”. Assessment of the model of managing resource regions on the basis of “smart specialisation” concept on the example of the Krasnoyarsk Krai allowed to prove the hypothesis that there are “rapidly developing sectors” (high-tech, knowledge economy) in the economy structure and to determine necessary conditions for development and growth.
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