Application of Silica Chemically Modified by Sulfur-Containing Groups to the Separation and Determination of Platinum and Rhenium in Catalysts Based on Aluminum Oxide
URI (for links/citations):https://www.libnauka.ru/journal/jurnal-analiticheskoy-himii/?tab=2018
Losev, V. N.
Parfenova, V. V.
Elsuf'Ev, E. V.
Buyko, O. V.
Didukh, S. L.
Belousov, O. V.
Maksimov, N. G.
Journal Name:Journal of Analytical Chemistry
Journal Quartile in Scopus:Q3
Journal Quartile in Web of Science:Q4
Bibliographic Citation:Losev, V. N. Application of Silica Chemically Modified by Sulfur-Containing Groups to the Separation and Determination of Platinum and Rhenium in Catalysts Based on Aluminum Oxide [Текст] / V. N. Losev, V. V. Parfenova, E. V. Elsuf'Ev, O. V. Buyko, S. L. Didukh, O. V. Belousov, N. G. Maksimov // Journal of Analytical Chemistry. — 2018. — Т. 73 (№ 4). — С. 325-333
Adsorbents based on silica chemically modified by sulfur-containing groups (dithiocarbamate, thiodiazolethiol, mercaptophenyl, and aminobenzothiazole) quantitatively extract (recovery ≥99%) platinum(IV) from solutions ranging from 4 M HCl to pH 6. Under the conditions of the adsorption separation of platinum(IV), rhenium(VII) is not extracted and remains in the solution. The subsequent quantitative (98–99%) adsorption of rhenium(VII) is achieved in the presence of a 1000-fold excess of tin(II) chloride. Adsorption on the surface of adsorbents leads to the formation of platinum(II) complexes with sulfur-containing groups, luminescent at 77 K on irradiation with UV light. The luminescence spectra of surface platinum(II) complexes are located in the region of 550–700 nm. In the adsorption of rhenium(III) in the presence of tin(II) chloride, intensely colored brown complexes of rhenium formed on the surface of adsorbents. Electron paramagnetic resonance showed that, in the surface complexes, rhenium is in the oxidation state 2+. Silicas chemically modified by sulfur-containing groups were used in the development of procedures for the sequential isolation and determination of platinum and rhenium in solutions after the decomposition of aluminum–platinum–rhenium catalysts.
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