Composition of the Essential Oil from the Lemon Balm Growing in the Neighborhood of Krasnoyarsk as Indicatedby Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry Data
Efremov, A. A.
Zykova, I. D.
Gorbachev, A. E.
Journal Name:Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry
Journal Quartile in Scopus:Q4
Journal Quartile in Web of Science:Q4
Bibliographic Citation:Efremov, A. A. Composition of the Essential Oil from the Lemon Balm Growing in the Neighborhood of Krasnoyarsk as Indicatedby Gas Chromatography–Mass Spectrometry Data [Текст] / A. A. Efremov, I. D. Zykova, A. E. Gorbachev // Russian Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry: химия. — 2016. — Т. 42 (№ 7). — С. 726-729
Essential oil has been isolated from the above-ground part of the lemon balm growing in the neighborhood of Krasnoyarsk by the method of exhaustive water and steam distillation. Forty seven components, each with a content of more than 0.1% of whole oil, have been identified by GC-MS. The main oil components are citronellol (36.71%) and geraniol (27.20%). The oil also contains ten components with a content of more than 1% of the sum of all oil components: benzyl alcohol (1.67%), linalool (1.75%), citronellal (1.44%), neral (3.33%), geranial (4.39%), caryophyllene (3.73%), caryophyllene oxide (1.40%), dibutyl phthalate (1.36%), butylisobutyl ester of phthalic acid (2.45%), and phytol (2.55%). The composition of lemon balm oils from different regions of the world has been compared.