Development and Industrial Tests of the TiB2-Based Composite Material for Local Fractures Repairing of Electrolyzer Bottom Blocks
URI (for links/citations):https://link.springer.com/article/10.3103/S1067821219040096
Nagibin, G. E.
Zavadyak, A. V.
Puzanov, I. I.
Proshkin, A. V.
Fedorova, E. N.
Dobrosmyslov, S. S.
Kirillova, I. A.
Sukhodoeva, N. V.
Кафедра прикладной механики
Кафедра проектирования зданий и экспертизы недвижимости
Journal Name:Russian Journal of Non-Ferrous Metals
Journal Quartile in Scopus:Q2
Journal Quartile in Web of Science:Q4
Bibliographic Citation:Nagibin, G. E. Development and Industrial Tests of the TiB2-Based Composite Material for Local Fractures Repairing of Electrolyzer Bottom Blocks [Текст] / G. E. Nagibin, A. V. Zavadyak, I. I. Puzanov, A. V. Proshkin, E. N. Fedorova, S. S. Dobrosmyslov, I. A. Kirillova, N. V. Sukhodoeva // Russian Journal of Non-Ferrous Metals. — 2019. — Т. 60 (№ 4). — С. 348-353
The composition and fabrication technology of a repair mixture consisting of unmolded corundum with a TiB2–C composite coating wettable with aluminum for repairing local fractures of bottom blocks without interrupting electrolysis have been developed. The proposed technical solution makes it possible to decrease the bottom wear and prolong the service life of an aluminum electrolyzer by six months. To fabricate a repair mixture with an optimal composition, the titanium diboride powder with a refractory powderlike binder in ratio 50 : 50 (wt %) is used. Unmolded corundum is coated with this mixture of a binder and tita- nium diboride. This material is dried at 150 ° C and thermally treated in a carbon bed at t = 700–900 ° C. Calcination in a reducing gas atmosphere results in the formation of the TiB2 –C composite material with a carbon content of 15–20 wt % on the unmolded corundum surface. The qualitative evaluation of the properties of the developed composite coating shows that it has rather high hardness, wear resistance, and adhesion to the base after calcination. To perform pilot tests, the repair mixture is poured with molten aluminum, which gives the platelike repair mass of the Al–TiB2 –C composition. Pilot tests of the repair mass using an RA-400 operating electrolyzer at the pilot shop of OAO RUSAL-Sayanogorsk show that the bottom wear decreases within three months after the repair of the local fracture with uninterrupted electrolysis. This fact is evidenced by a 13% decrease in an average fracture depth with a stable current force of 4.7–4.8 kA/bloom after the repair. Thus, the local use of the repair mass retards the overall wear of the cathodic surface and makes it possible to prolong the service life of the electrolyzer.