Chiral Optical Tamm States: Temporal Coupled-Mode Theory
Timofeev, I V
Pankin, Pavel S
Vetrov, Stepan Ya.
Arkhipkin, V G
Zyryanov, V Ya
Институт инженерной физики и радиоэлектроники
Институт нанотехнологий, спектроскопии и квантовой химии
Кафедра теоретической физики и волновых явлений
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Bibliographic Citation:Timofeev, I V. Chiral Optical Tamm States: Temporal Coupled-Mode Theory [Текст] / I V Timofeev, Pavel S Pankin, Stepan Ya. Vetrov, V G Arkhipkin, Wei Lee, V Ya Zyryanov // Crystals. — 2017. — Т. 7 (№ 4). — С. 113
The chiral optical Tamm state (COTS) is a special localized state at the interface of a handedness-preserving mirror and a structurally chiral medium such as a cholesteric liquid crystal or a chiral sculptured thin film. The spectral behavior of COTS, observed as reflection resonances, is described by the temporal coupled-mode theory. Mode coupling is different for two circular light polarizations because COTS has a helix structure replicating that of the cholesteric. The mode coupling for co-handed circularly polarized light exponentially attenuates with the cholesteric layer thickness since the COTS frequency falls into the stop band. Cross-handed circularly polarized light freely goes through the cholesteric layer and can excite COTS when reflected from the handedness-preserving mirror. The coupling in this case is proportional to anisotropy of the cholesteric and theoretically it is only anisotropy of magnetic permittivity that can ultimately cancel this coupling. These two couplings being equal results in a polarization crossover (the Kopp--Genack effect) for which a linear polarization is optimal to excite COTS. The corresponding cholesteric thickness and scattering matrix for COTS are generally described by simple expressions.