Disturbance of meromixis in saline Lake Shira (Siberia, Russia): possible reasons and ecosystem response
URI (for links/citations):http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00759511/66?sdc=1
Rogozin, D. Y.
Tarnovsky, M. O.
Belolipetskii, V. M.
Zykov, V. V.
Zadereev, E. S.
Tolomeev, A. P.
Drobotov, A. V.
Barkhatov, Y. V.
Gaevsky, N. A.
Gorbaneva, T. B.
Kolmakova, A. A.
Degermendzhi, A. G.
Институт фундаментальной биологии и биотехнологии
Кафедра водных и наземных экосистем
Journal Quartile in Scopus:Q2
Journal Quartile in Web of Science:Q3
Bibliographic Citation:Rogozin, D. Y. Disturbance of meromixis in saline Lake Shira (Siberia, Russia): possible reasons and ecosystem response [Текст] / D. Y. Rogozin, M. O. Tarnovsky, V. M. Belolipetskii, V. V. Zykov, E. S. Zadereev, A. P. Tolomeev, A. V. Drobotov, Y. V. Barkhatov, N. A. Gaevsky, T. B. Gorbaneva, A. A. Kolmakova, A. G. Degermendzhi // Limnologica. — 2017. — Т. 66 (№ 1). — С. 12-23
Saline Lake Shira (Southern Siberia, Russia) was meromictic through the observation period 2002-2015. During the under-ice periods of 2015 and 2016, complete mixing of the water column was recorded for the first time, and hydrogen sulphide temporarily disappeared from the water column of the lake; i.e. in those years the lake turned to holomixis. In the summer of 2015, a sharp increase in chlorophyll a, organic carbon, zooplankton, and phytoflagellates was observed in the lake, which was probably due to the release of nutrients from the monimolimnion. Purple sulfur bacteria completely disappeared from the lake after the first mixing in 2015, and did not reappear despite the restoration of meromixis in 2017. Thus, it was demonstrated that purple sulfur bacteria are sensitive to the weakening of the stratification of Lake Shira. Based on the data of the seasonal monitoring of temperature and salinity profiles over the period 2002-2017, it was presumed that the main cause of deep mixing in 2015 was the weakening of the salinity gradient due to strong wind impact and early ice retreat in the spring of 2014. In addition, it was shown that in previous years a significant contribution to the maintenance of meromixis was made by an additional influx of fresh water, which caused a rise in the lake level in the period 2002-2007. Thus, we identified a relationship between the stratification regime of the lake and the change in its level, which provides valuable information both for the forecast of water quality and for reconstruction of the Holocene climate humidity in this region of Southern Siberia from the sediment cores of Lake Shira.