The construction of a positive ethnic identity in the current artistic praktices
Сибирский федеральный университет
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Current processes caused by globalization and multiculturalism result in opposing cultural forms of a positive ethnic identity, related either to hyperidentity or hypoidentity, that depend on the emotional and evaluative attitude of the individual towards his/her ethnic group. This or that cultural form of a positive ethnic identity leads to disharmony of the individual, both with oneself and society in general. The achievement of harmony is possible only if a positive ethnic identity is a norm of inter-ethnic interaction, when members of ethnocultural groups have a positive image of not only their community, but also take into account the value systems of other groups. This dissertation investigates how it is possible to restore a positive ethnic identity by means of artistic practices, which mechanisms help to construct a positive ethnic identity in the status of a norm in the mind of the individual and society in general. The dissertation has two sense parts. The first part (chapters 1–3) examines the basic theoretical and methodological principles of the construction of an ethnic identity, the conceptual approaches to reveal the nature of ethnicity, explains which of them has a priority and why, describes the main content of a positive ethnic identity, and how the principles of the cultural-semiotic approach are applied to study the constructivist possibilities of artistic practices. The second part (chapters 4–5) demonstrates the cultural-semiotic mechanisms of the construction of a positive ethnic identity in art. Using the concepts of worldview, ethnic worldview, artistic worldview and ethnocultural values, the work describes how these mental structures take part in the construction of a positive image of an ethnic community, and how they are related to artistic practices. To reveal cultural-semiotic mechanisms of artistic practices in the process of constructing a positive ethnic identity, it is necessary to address to the Khakass culture. The dissertation highlights not only the certain historic and cultural events that are important for the ethno-cultural group, but also carries out a philosophical and art analysis of fine art paintings and graphic works of the Khakass art as a representative artistic practice of the indigenous peoples of Siberia.