A new mineral species rossovskyite, (Fe 3+ ,Ta)(Nb,Ti)O 4 : crystal chemistry and physical properties
URI (for links/citations):http://elib.sfu-kras.ru/handle/2311/33082
Konovalenko, S. I.
Ananyev, S. A.
Chukanov, N. V.
Rastsvetaeva, R. K.
Aksenov, S. M.
Baeva, A. A.
Gainov, R. R.
Vagizov, F. G.
Lopatin, O. N.
Nebera, T. S.
Институт горного дела, геологии и геотехнологий
Кафедра геологии, минералогии и петрографии
Journal Name:Physics and Chemistry of Minerals
Journal Quartile in Scopus:Q2
Bibliographic Citation:Konovalenko, S. I. A new mineral species rossovskyite, (Fe 3+ ,Ta)(Nb,Ti)O 4 : crystal chemistry and physical properties [Текст] / S. I. Konovalenko, S. A. Ananyev, N. V. Chukanov, R. K. Rastsvetaeva, S. M. Aksenov, A. A. Baeva, R. R. Gainov, F. G. Vagizov, O. N. Lopatin, T. S. Nebera // Physics and Chemistry of Minerals. — 2015. — Т. 42 (№ 10). — С. 825-833
Текст статьи не публикуется в открытом доступе в соответствии с политикой журнала.
Abstract A new mineral rossovskyite named after L.N. Rossovsky was discovered in granite pegmatites of the Bul- gut occurrence, Altai Mts., Western Mongolia. Associated minerals are microcline, muscovite, quartz, albite, garnet of the almandine–spessartine series, beryl, apatite, triplite, zircon, pyrite, yttrobetafite-(Y) and schorl. Rossovskyite forms flattened anhedral grains up to 6 × 6 × 2 cm. The color of the mineral is black, and the streak is black as well. The luster is semi-metallic, dull. Mohs hardness is 6. No cleavage or parting is observed. Rossovskyite is brittle, with uneven fracture. The density measured by the hydrostatic weighing method is 6.06 g/cm 2 , and the density calculated from the empirical formula is 6.302 g/cm 3 . Rossovskyite is biaxial, and the color in reflection is gray to dark gray The IR spectrum contains strong band at 567 cm −1 (with shoulders at 500 and 600 cm −1 ) corresponding to cation– oxygen stretching vibrations and weak bands at 1093 and 1185 cm −1 assigned as overtones. The reflection spectrum in visible range is obtained. According to the Mössbauer spectrum, the ratio Fe 2+ :Fe 3+ is 35.6:64.4. The chemical composition is as follows (electron microprobe, Fe appor- tioned between FeO and Fe 2 O 3 based on Mössbauer data, wt%): MnO 1.68, FeO 5.92, Fe 2 O 3 14.66, TiO 2 7.69, Nb 2 O 5 26.59, Ta 2 O 5 37.51, WO 3 5.61, total 99.66. The empirical formula calculated on four O atoms is: Mn 2+ 0.06 Fe 2+ 0.21 Fe 3+ 0.47 Ti 0.25 Nb 0.51 Ta 0.43 W 0.06 O 4 . The crystal structure was deter- mined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data. The new mineral is monoclinic, space group P2/c, a = 4.668(1), b = 5.659(1), c = 5.061(1) Å, β = 90.21(1)º; V = 133.70(4) Å 3 , Z = 2. Topologically, the structure of rossovskyite is analogous to that of wolframite-group minerals. The crystal-chemical formula of rossovskyite is [(Fe 3+ , Fe 2+ , Mn) 0.57 Ta 0.32 Nb 0.11 ][Nb 0.40 Ti 0.25 Fe 0.18 Ta 0.11 W 0.06 ]O 4 . The strongest lines of the powder X-ray diffraction pattern [d, Å (I, %) (hkl)] are as follows: 3.604 (49) (110), 2.938 (100) (−1−11), 2.534 (23) (002), 2.476 (29) (021), 2.337 (27) (200), 1.718 (26) (−202), 1.698 (31) (−2−21), 1.440 (21) (−311). The type specimen of rossovskyite is deposited in the Mineralogical Museum of the Tomsk State University, Tomsk, 634050 Russia, with the inventory number 20927.