Генезис и эволюция права: человекоцентристский подход
Shafirov, Vladimir M.
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Статья посвящена исследованию генезиса и развития права с позиций человекоцентристского подхода к правопониманию.The article substantiates that origin of law is stipulated by human nature, its need for freedom, selfdetermination. To act pursuant to law means firstly to act pursuant to ones desire, in personal interests, at own discretion. Law does not only forbid and restrict but it grants rights, freedom of choice and activity, therefore the process of acquisition of qualities of an independent, legal person becomes irreversible. In the course of its formation and evolution law has been passing three steps: natural law, positive law, natural - positive law. Each of them has its measure of freedom (a level of development, volume, the list of rights and personal freedoms).