SMART СITY. “A TRIAD OF DEVELOPMENT AGENTS”
URI (for links/citations):http://elib.sfu-kras.ru/handle/2311/111764
Proceedings of the XXV ISUF International Conference “Urban Form and Social Context: from Traditions to Newest Demands” (Krasnoyarsk, July 5–9, 2018)
Large Russian city agglomerations enter the period of structural and spatial transformations. The Samara region is included as a pilot site into the “Smart City. Successful Region” Federal Programme and has been actively developing the conceptual offers for the project financing factory. Along with theoretical innovation strategies of the 21st century such as democratisation, clustering, gentrification, digitalisation of economy and some others, the scientific society of the Samara region has been developing a strategy called “the triad of development agents”. The socio-spatial basis of the strategy is a smart university, a smart city and a smart park-plant. The scientific and design potential of Samara State Technical University (SamSTU) is considered for the “smart” university, the “smart” park-plant is the industrial park of SamSTU and its partners at the site of one of the former industrial enterprises. The “smart city” includes administrative and public organisations of urban development, activists of urban social movements. The central historical planning zone of the city of Samara is proposed as the territorial-spatial basis of urban development. The spatial structural elements of its three model projects are offered: a smart block, a smart street and a smart square, which integrate more than 30 innovative, including “green” technologies in the areas of resource conservation, public services, preservation of architectural heritage, media technology, transport-pedestrian infrastructure and fiscal taxation systems. The choice of “smart” technologies is fundamentally tied to the digital form of economic activity in the territory.