FROM MONOCENTRISM TO POLYCENTRISM OF RUSSIAN CITY
URI (for links/citations):http://elib.sfu-kras.ru/handle/2311/111707
(Gaykova, L.V., Kiselyova, O.V.: School of Architecture and Design, Siberian Federal University, Russian Federation, Krasnoyarsk, Svobodny 79, 660041 e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com)
Proceedings of the XXV ISUF International Conference “Urban Form and Social Context: from Traditions to Newest Demands” (Krasnoyarsk, July 5–9, 2018)
The article concerns the results of studying Krasnoyarsk structure planning as a discrete entity. The urban territory is dismembered by large industrial zones, communal and warehouse territories, railway exclusion zones, complex terrain and big rivers which caused its “patchwork” character. There appeared the problem of discrepancy between the monocentric idea of the general plan of the city development and the actual processes taking place in the city. The separate territories of the city became the object of the research. These urban territories due to their internal characteristics and easily detected boundaries are able to exist as self-sufficient urban units. Allocation of such units, their description, analysis and systematization have made it possible to identify the basis for developing the necessary program for transforming each of these territories into a comfortable urban space. More than 30 urban units were identified and analyzed in accordance with a number of parameters: function, planning, architectural and organizational concepts, economics, social sphere and environment. It has been detected that the main characteristic of each unit is its multicomponent plurality of subjects and objects, and natural and anthropogenic complexes.