Bioluminescent and structural features of native folded Gaussia luciferase.
URI (for links/citations):https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S101113441731480X
Marina D. Larionova
Svetlana V. Markova
Eugene S. Vysotski
Институт фундаментальной биологии и биотехнологии
Базовая кафедра биотехнологии
Journal Name:The Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B
Journal Quartile in Scopus:Q2
Journal Quartile in Web of Science:Q2
Bibliographic Citation:Marina D. Larionova. Bioluminescent and structural features of native folded Gaussia luciferase. [Текст] / Marina D. Larionova, Svetlana V. Markova, Eugene S. Vysotski // The Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B: B. — 2018. — Т. 183. — С. 309-317
The secreted luciferases responsible for light emission of marine copepods have gained popularity for being used in noninvasive imaging of intracellular events. The secreted luciferase of copepod Gaussia princeps is a one-subunit protein catalyzing coelenterazine oxidation to emit blue light. It consists of the N-terminal variable part that bears a signal peptide for secretion and the C-terminal catalytic domain containing ten highly conserved Cys residues supposing the existence of up to five SS bonds. Despite wide application of Gaussia luciferase in biomedical research, its biochemical properties are still insufficiently studied due to the general problem of obtaining the proper folded Cys-rich proteins in bacterial cells. Here we report the properties of the proper folded Gaussia luciferase produced in insect cells using baculovirus expression system. This high purity luciferase reveals the highest activity at 15–20 °C but retains only ~20% activity at 37 °C that may hamper its application for in vivo assays. The maximum of bioluminescent activity of GpLuc is found at NaCl concentrations in the range of 1.0–1.5 M and, furthermore, a high NaCl concentration enhances luciferase stability to thermal denaturation, i.e. Gaussia luciferase displays the features characteristic of halophilic enzymes. The studies on bioluminescence kinetics at different coelenterazine concentrations obviously show a positive cooperativity of Gaussia luciferase with coelenterazine (Hill coefficient – 1.8 ± 0.2; K0.5–2.14 ± 0.17 μM). We suggest this effect to be rather due to the so-called kinetic cooperativity conditioned by conformational changes in response to substrate binding than to the presence of two catalytic sites.